Flip Chip Underfill
Underfills are used for mechanical stabilization of flip chips. This is especially important when soldering ball grid array (BGA) chips. To reduce the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), the adhesives are partly filled with nano fillers.
Adhesives used as chip underfill have a capillary flow behaviour for quick and easy application. Usually dual-curing adhesives are used: the edge regions are fixed in position by curing with UV light before the shadow zones are cured thermally.
The table below provides an overview of Panacol adhesives that are used as underfill: